In this page we will shou you de different parts of the hooves.
The sole is the area inside the white line, but not including the bars
and frog. It’s primary function is to protect the sensitive structures
beneath the sole.
Commonly referred to as the white line, although this is very misleading,
not only because it is actually yellowish but also because it is next to the
white inner wall of the hoof.
The outer hoof wall is pigmented and is much stronger than the
inner wall. Its purpose is to bear the weight of the horse, protect
the internal structures from harm and to act like a spring, storing
and releasing energy during the different phases of the stride to
help propel the horse along.
Angle of the Bar
Commonly known as the heel, although this description can be
misleading. This area is designed to receive the initial impact of
the horse’s stride and a healthy angle of the bar comprises mainly
of pliable inner wall, enabling it to dissipate excess shock with ease.
This is the groove that runs along either side of the frog. The outer
wall of the groove is made up of the wall of the bar and sole and
the wall on the other side comprises the wall of the frog.
One of the most important, but often neglected structures of the
horse’s hoof. It should be wide and substantial and made up of
thick, leathery material. An unhealthy frog is vulnerable to infection
which, if left untreated, can lead to significant loss of structure in
the back of the hoof causing severe lameness.
This is a very tough, vascular structure which sits at the top of
the hoof wall. It has two very important functions. Firstly it produces
the tubules of the outer hoof wall. Secondly, it is incredibly strong
and acts as a band of support to add strength to the internal
structures as the hoof distorts during the stride.
The Coffin bone provides strength and stability to the hoof and acts
as a framework
to hold other structures in place.
It is thought to have derived its name because it is shaped like a
boat.It is also known as the Distal Sesamoid bone. The navicular
bone is not actually embedded in a tendon, but it does sit just
inside the back of the pedal bone and the deep digital flexor tendon
passes over it. It prevents over-articulation of the joint of the pedal
bone, maintains a constant angle of insertion of the Deep Flexor
Tendon into the back of the Pedal bone and allows for additional
tilt within the coffin joint when navigating uneven surfaces.
Short Pastern Bone
The short pastern bone sits on top of the articulating joint of the
pedal bone and underneath the long pastern bone. Only the bottom
portion of this bone extends as far as the hoof capsule.