In this page we will shou you de different parts of the hooves.





The sole is the area inside the white line, but not including the bars

and frog. It’s primary function is to protect the sensitive structures

beneath the sole.


White Line

Commonly referred to as the white line, although this is very misleading,

not only because it is actually yellowish but also because it is next to the

white inner wall of the hoof.

Hoof Wall

The outer hoof wall is pigmented and is much stronger than the

inner wall. Its purpose is to bear the weight of the horse, protect

the internal structures from harm and to act like a spring, storing

and releasing energy during the different phases of the stride to

help propel the horse along.

Angle of the Bar

Commonly known as the heel, although this description can be

misleading. This area is designed to receive the initial impact of

the horse’s stride and a healthy angle of the bar comprises mainly

of pliable inner wall, enabling it to dissipate excess shock with ease.

Collateral Groove

This is the groove that runs along either side of the frog. The outer

wall of the groove is made up of the wall of the bar and sole and

the wall on the other side comprises the wall of the frog.


One of the most important, but often neglected structures of the

horse’s hoof. It should be wide and substantial and made up of

thick, leathery material. An unhealthy frog is vulnerable to infection


which, if left untreated, can lead to significant loss of structure in

the back of the hoof causing severe lameness.

Coronary Band

This is a very tough, vascular structure which sits at the top of

the hoof wall. It has two very important functions. Firstly it produces

the tubules of the outer hoof wall. Secondly, it is incredibly strong

and acts as a band of support to add strength to the internal

structures as the hoof distorts during the stride.

Coffin bone


The Coffin bone provides strength and stability to the hoof and acts

as a framework

to hold other structures in place.

Navicular bone

It is thought to have derived its name because it is shaped like a

boat.It is also known as the Distal Sesamoid bone. The navicular

bone is not actually embedded in a tendon, but it does sit just

inside the back of the pedal bone and the deep digital flexor tendon

passes over it. It prevents over-articulation of the joint of the pedal

bone, maintains a constant angle of insertion of the Deep Flexor

Tendon into the back of the Pedal bone and allows for additional

tilt within the coffin joint when navigating uneven surfaces.

Short Pastern Bone

The short pastern bone sits on top of the articulating joint of the

pedal bone and underneath the long pastern bone. Only the bottom

portion of this bone extends as far as the hoof capsule.